At meetings held in Mesilla citizens on May 10 and 11, 1861.
Frazer was commissioned to raise a company of rangers "to
chastise the apaches for their late outrages."
A, Arizona Rangers was mustered into confederate service for
three years or the war by Capt. Sherod Hunter at Doņa Ana,
Territory of Arizona, January 25, 1862. The company was sent to
occupy Tucson which they did February 28, 1862. A detachment
under James Tevis escorted Col. Reily (4th TX MTD Vol.) to
Magdalena, Sanora. A detachment of scouts were sent toward Yuma
along the Gila River and on March 30, 1862,
fired on by advanced Pickets of the California Column. In
--- 1862, Hunter and some of his men destroyed Unionist Ammi
White's flour mill at the Pima Villages and captured Capt.
McCleave, Co. A, 1st California Cavalry, and several of his men.
A detachment was sent to escort the prisoners back to Mesilla.
On April 15, 1862 nine advance pickets under Sgt. Henry Holmes
engaged advance scouts of the California Column under Lt. Berret
of the 1st California Cavalry at Picacho Pass, Arizona
Territory. The pickets under Sgt. Holmes killed three and
wounded three of the union scout. Among the killed was Lt.
Berret. Three Confederates, included
Holmes, were wounded and captured. Hunter and Company A
abandoned Tucson on May 4, 1862.
The next day a savage fight with the Apache Indians occurred at
Dragoon Springs where some Confederate exiles were killed and
several horses and equipment were run off by the Apache band.
Hunters Co. A, Arizona Rangers arrived in the Mesilla Valley May
27, 1862. On July 1, 1862 the company was engaged against
Mexicans along with elements of the 7th Texas Mounted Rifles.
Jim Tevis of Co. A, commanded the rear guard on the withdrawal
back to Texas. Once in San Antonio Co. A, Arizona Rangers
would become one of three companies in Lt. Col. Herbert's
Battalion Arizona Cavalry.
Herbert's Battalion Arizona Cavalry was organized by
combining Capt. George Frazer's Arizona Ranger, Arizona Guards,
and Sherod Hunter's Co. A, Arizona Rangers. Sherod Hunter soon
afterward resigned his commission in Co. A and took a commission
as Major in George Wythe Baylor's 2nd Texas Cavalry-Arizona
Brigade. Hunter's 1st Lt. Swope to command of Hunter's company.
Three companies were thereafter known as Helms', Oury's, and
By December 1862 the Arizona Battalion was scouting for Gen.
Sibley in the vicinity of Plaquemine, LA while he was
waiting for the arrival of his brigade. The Herbert's Arizona
Battalion including Swope's Company as part of Sibley's Brigade
took part in the campaign against Banks at
Ft. Bisland and served with Col. Green and the rear guard.
In the delaying action at
New Iberia, LA, Lt. James H. Tevis claimed he "had
at least fifteen men cut down by sabers." Shortly afterward
Capt. Swope resigned his commission and Herbert's Arizona
Battalion was consolidated into a single company with Capt. Jim
Tevis commanding. The command was thereafter known as the
May of 1863, with Capt. James H. Tevis in command, the Arizona
Scouts was assigned to Col. James P. Major's Texas Cavalry
Brigade consisting of the 1st Texas Partisan Ranger; 2nd Texas
Partisan Rangers; 2nd Texas Cavalry-Arizona Brigade; and 3rd
Texas Cavalry-Arizona Brigade. The Arizona Scouts undoubtedly
took part in the raid to
Thibodaux and Donaldsonville, LA while Col. G. W. Baylor and
Sherod Hunter and the
"Mosquito Fleet" advanced on Ft. Brashear. The Arizona
Brigade went on to serve with Major's Brigade through out the
rest of the 1863 Campaigns and returned to the Texas Gulf Coast
with the rest of Major's Brigade.
In the Winter of 1863-1864 the Arizona Scouts
were temporarily assigned to
Saufly's Scouting Battalion
[Tevis Voucher] and their company, Co. E, was reported as
detached to Col. Duff (33rd Texas Cavalry) and
scouting in the vicinity of Port Lavaca near Indianola, TX.
reconnoitering for an indication of a federal advancement on
the Texas gulf coast.note
The Arizona Scouts along with the rest of Major's Brigade was
hurried to Northern Louisiana to join forces with Lt. Gen.
Richard Taylor to check the advance by Gen. Nathaniel Banks
toward Shreveport. Sometime before or after the move, Saufley's
Battalion was broken up and the detached companies returned to
their original commands. The Arizona Scouts maintained their
independent status in Major's brigade. The Arizona Scouts and
Major's Brigade, under the command of Gen. W. P. Lane,
participated in the
Red River Campaign including battles of Mansfield and
Pleasant Hill. At Mansfield Capt. Tevis was severely wounded and
Lt.. John M. Smith succeded Tevis in commanded the Arizona
Scouts for the remainder of the Red River Campaign, harassing
Banks on his retreat down of the Red River. On May 1, 1864 the
Arizona Scouts, under the command of Lt. Smith, assisted the
3rd (Madison) Cavalry, Arizona Brigade in capturing a transport
and several federal prisoners.
After the Red River Campaign the Arizona Scouts
and Major's/Lane's Brigade were sent to Arkansas where they were
engaged in their last skirmish at
Montecello, AR September 10, 1864. The Arizona Scouts
surrendered and as Capt. Jim Tevis claims,
were the last Confederate unit mustered out at Hempstead, Texas
May, 1865. Capt. Jim Tevis said the "15 men that were left
scattered in all directions and only three ever returned to
Battles & Engagements:
Stanwix Station, AZ Terr. [detachment] (February 1862)
Picacho Pass, AZ Terr. [detachment] (April 15, 1862)
Dragoon Springs, AZ Terr. [Against Apache Indians] (May 1862)
Ft. Bisland, LA (April 13-14, 1863)
New Iberia, LA (April 15, 1962)
Thibodaux, LA (June 20, 1863)
La Fourche Crossing [in reserve] (June 21, 1863)
Donaldsonville, LA (June 28, 1863)
Cox's Plantation, LA (July 12-13, 1863)
Stirling's Plantation, LA (September 29, 1863)
Bayou Bourbeau, LA (November 3, 1863)
Operations near Port Lavaca & Matagorta Bay, TX (January-March
Red River Campaign (March-May 1864)
Mansfield, LA (April 8, 1864)
Pleasant Hill, LA (April 9, 1864)
Blair's Landing, LA (April 12-13, 1864)
Monett's Ferry, LA (April 23, 1864)
Mansura, LA (May 16, 1864)
Yellow Bayou, LA (May 18, 1864)
Montecello, AR (September 10, 1864)